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High BP in childhood may raise risk of heart attack, stroke later by 4x: Study

Hypertension is known to affect one in every 15 children and adolescents worldwide
12:36 AM May 04, 2024 IST | IANS
high bp in childhood may raise risk of heart attack  stroke later by 4x  study
High BP in childhood may raise risk of heart attack, stroke later by 4x: Study (Representational Photo)
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New Delhi, May 3: Hypertension in childhood and adolescence may raise the long-term risk of serious heart conditions like stroke and heart attack, by four times, according to a new study on Friday.

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Hypertension is known to affect one in every 15 children and adolescents worldwide and has become a growing concern.

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To understand its long-term effect, researchers compared 25,605 children and adolescents diagnosed with hypertension between 1996 and 2021 in Ontario, Canada, to peers without the condition.

The follow-up of 13 years showed that those with hypertension had a two to four times higher risk of experiencing heart attack, stroke, heart failure, or cardiac surgery compared to those without it.

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Experts called for boosting blood pressure screening and treatment during childhood to reduce the risk of serious cardiovascular disease as an adult.

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"Devoting more resources to paediatric blood pressure screening and control could lower the risks of long-term heart conditions in children with hypertension," said Cal H. Robinson, paediatric nephrology fellow at The Hospital for Sick Children (SickKids) in Canada.

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"More awareness about the importance of regular screening and follow-up for paediatric hypertension may prevent children from developing significant adverse heart outcomes later in life," Robinson added.

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The findings will be presented at the Pediatric Academic Societies (PAS) 2024 Meeting, held May 3-6 in Toronto.

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