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Careers in Agriculture and Allied Areas

The main aim of this article is to inform, inspire, guide, promote and empower individuals to make informed decisions about their career choices in the agriculture and allied areas
12:00 AM May 03, 2024 IST | Guest Contributor
careers in agriculture and allied areas

A career in agriculture and allied areas can be both rewarding, especially considering the increasing focus on sustainable practices and food security. The field of agriculture offers a wide range of career opportunities across production, management, research, technology, and policy planning domains. One has to consider his/her interests, skills, and career goals when choosing a career path in agriculture. Initially one can opt for relevant academic qualifications such as bachelor's degrees in agriculture, horticulture, animal sciences, food science, agricultural engineering, or related fields and later on explore opportunities for further specialization through postgraduate studies, certifications, or professional development programs. Additionally, gaining practical experience through internships, research projects, post-doc fellowship and industry exposure can enhance one’s employability and career prospects in this field.


As SKUAST of Kashmir has officially announced the opening of admissions for the upcoming 2024-25 academic session, the main aim of the article is to: I) educate students, parents, and guardians about the diverse career options available within the agriculture sector and its related fields; II) provide insights into the skills, qualifications, and pathways needed to enter and succeed in various agricultural professions and III) inform interested individuals about diverse employment opportunities available within the sector. Here are some potential career paths for those who want to develop career in the agriculture and allied areas:


Building a career path in the agriculture and allied areas typically involves a combination of education, experience, and a passion for scientific inquiry. Here's a general roadmap you can follow:


  1. Career Roadmap



  1. Undergraduate Degree: Start with a bachelor's degree in a related field such as Agriculture, Agricultural Engineering, Forestry, Fisheries, Horticulture, Veterinary Science, etc.
  2. Graduate Studies: Pursue a master's degree (M.Sc./M.V.Sc) and/or a doctoral degree (Ph.D.) in a specialized area within agriculture or a related field. This will involve conducting research, publishing papers, and developing expertise in your chosen area of study.

Gain Experience:


  1. Internships and Research Assistantships: Look for internships or research assistant positions during your undergraduate and graduate studies. This will provide hands-on experience and help you build a professional network.
  2. Participate in Research Projects: Collaborate with professors or join research projects within your university or research institutions related to agriculture and allied areas.
  • Attend Conferences and Workshops: Stay updated with the latest advancements in agricultural research by attending conferences, workshops, and seminars. Networking at these events can open up opportunities for collaboration and exposure to new ideas.

Develop Skills:


  1. Research Skills: Hone your skills in experimental design, data analysis, literature review, and scientific writing. These skills are crucial for conducting research and publishing papers.
  2. Technical Skills: Depending on your specific area of interest, develop technical skills such as GIS (Geographic Information Systems), Crop/Animal Modelling, Artificial Intelligence (AI), Machine Learning (ML), Internet of Things (IoT), molecular biology techniques, statistical analysis software, etc.
  • Communication Skills: Effective communication is key in the scientific community. Improve your ability to present research findings, write scientific papers, and communicate with peers and stakeholders.



  1. Choose a Specialization: Agriculture and allied areas encompass a wide range of disciplines such as agronomy, fruit science, animal science, agricultural engineering, natural resource management, fisheries resource management, sericulture, agribusiness, environmental science, etc. Choose a specialization based on your interests and career goals.
  2. Advanced Training: Consider additional training or certifications in specialized areas to enhance your expertise. For example, if you're interested in sustainable agriculture, you might pursue certifications in organic farming practices or agricultural sustainability.

Build a Network:

  1. Collaborate: Collaborate with other researchers, both within your institution, regionally, nationally and globally, to exchange ideas and work on interdisciplinary projects.
  2. Professional Associations: Join professional organizations related to agriculture and allied areas. These associations often offer networking opportunities, conferences, and resources for career development.

Stay Updated:

Continuing Education: Keep learning and stay updated with advancements in agricultural research, technologies, and practices through continuing education programs, workshops, and online courses.

Publish and Present:

Publish your research findings in scientific journals and present your work at conferences to contribute to the scientific community and enhance your visibility.

  1. Employment opportunities:

Job opportunities in agriculture and allied areas are diverse and span across various sectors, including academia, research institutions, government agencies, private companies, non-profit organizations, and   consulting firms. Here are some specific job roles you can explore:

  1. Academic and Research Positions:
    • Research Scientist: Conduct research in areas such as crop science, soil science, plant genetics, agricultural engineering, etc., in academic institutions or research organizations.
    • Faculty Member: Teach and conduct research in universities or colleges as a professor or lecturer specializing in agricultural sciences or related fields.
    • Postdoctoral Researcher: Work on advanced research projects under the guidance of senior researchers, gaining valuable experience and publications.
  1. Government and Public Sector:
    • Agricultural Extension Officer: Provide advisory services, training, and support to farmers and rural communities to improve agricultural practices and productivity.
    • Agricultural Inspector: Ensure compliance with agricultural regulations, inspect farms, and assess the quality and safety of agricultural products.
    • Policy Analyst: Analyze and develop policies related to agriculture, food security, environmental sustainability, and rural development for government agencies or non-governmental organizations (NGOs).
    • Researcher in Government Labs: Conduct research on agricultural issues, develop solutions, and contribute to policy-making in government research institutions.
  2. Private Sector and Industry:
    • Agronomist: Provide technical expertise on crop production, soil management, pest control, and sustainable farming practices to farmers and agricultural businesses.
    • Plant Breeder/Geneticist: Develop new plant varieties with desirable traits such as higher yield, disease resistance, and improved nutritional content for seed companies and agricultural research organizations.
    • Food Scientist/Technologist: Work in food processing companies to develop and improve food products, ensure quality control, and innovate food production processes.
    • Environmental Consultant: Assess and mitigate environmental impacts of agricultural activities, develop sustainability strategies, and advise companies on regulatory compliance.
    • Agribusiness Manager: Manage operations, marketing, sales, and strategic planning for agricultural businesses, including farms, agrochemical companies, and agribusiness startups.
  3. Non-Profit and International Organizations:
    • Development Specialist: Collaborate with NGOs, international organizations, and development agencies to implement agricultural development projects, promote sustainable practices, and support rural communities.
    • Research Analyst: Analyze agricultural trends, gather data, and produce reports for organizations focused on food security, rural development, and sustainable agriculture.
    • Project Coordinator: Coordinate and manage projects related to agriculture, agroforestry, climate change adaptation, and natural resource management in collaboration with NGOs and community-based organizations.
  4. Entrepreneurship and Consulting:
    • Agri-entrepreneur: Start your own agricultural venture, such as a farm, agribusiness, agritech startup, or agricultural consultancy, leveraging innovative technologies and sustainable practices.
    • Agricultural Consultant: Provide expert advice, technical assistance, and strategic planning services to farmers, businesses, and organizations seeking to improve their agricultural operations and sustainability practices.

By Dr. Shabir Ahmad Mir (He is a career counsellor and works for SKUAST Kashmir as Assistant Professor, Information Technology).

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